389COM: Module Introduction
Dr Carey Pridgeon, DR Nazaraf Shah
Created: 2016-11-03 Thu 15:37
- This module will be covering the legal and ethical aspects of the Open Source World, and usage of common Open Source tools.
- We will also be getting directly involved with the Mozilla Foundation and the Gitlab Corporation.
- You will be getting your first taste of working with live code (code in a production environment).
- This Modules outcome can be used in your CV.
- This Module is assessed by means of a Portfolio of Works.
- This Portfolio is harder than an Exam.
- The assessment scheme is thorough, because the outcome of this module can be used in your post degree job search.
- Portfolio detail can be found in the portfolio document
- We will not be teaching you any programming.
- Grading will take place based more on the quality than quantity of your coding output.
- A large portfolio of incomplete or trivial work will be worth a lot less then a small portfolio of completed work of good quality.
- There is no how many bugs you need to do count, beyond more than one.
- A non profit foundation founded in 2003.
- They make Firefox - The web browser we will be working with
- Plus too many other products to list here
- Mozilla Products
A Thing to do Today
- Set up a Mozilla account. Do this with your real name and personal email address so your work is available when potential employers search for you.
- Mozilla Bug Tracker
Another Thing to do Today
- Set up a Gitlab account. Do this again with your real name and
personal email address so your work is available when potential
employers search for you. If you have an existing account, update
- They have a similar Bug Tracker
- The tag we want is up for grabs for unassigned bugs that they
view as new contributor suitable , or just bugs for harder ones.
Yet More Things to do Today
- Set up groups on Moodle (or wherever we decide to), or start
to at least.
- set up user accounts on Nostromo by going here.
- Start the Linux Command Line Worksheet or another from the set.
Free Software Foundation
- Founded in 1985 by Richard Stallman.
- Primary Licence GPL (Gnu Public Licence) text here
- They also act as an approving body for other licences that match, or
approximate, their philosophy.
- This licence is CopyLeft not CopyRight. This distinction was
- The distinction is largely meaningless, since it remains a
copyright protecting device, but it's his ball as it were…
Free Software Foundation
- A less restrictive version, the LGPL (Lesser Gnu Public Licence) was
released in 1999.
- They seem to be regretting doing this, as they feel it isn't
restrictive enough and want to stop people using it.
- They do not, it seems, believe in making software easy to use. What
they do create is nonetheless astounding.
Open Source Initiative
- the OSI was founded in 1998 by Bruce Perens.
- They are a community of existing projects/companies that promote
collaboration with the commercial world.
- The phrase Open Source was created to be less negative to the
- Free coders gotta eat too.
- They don't have their own licence, but they act as an approval body.
- There are no direct OSI products.
- emacs Editor
- Hard to use, but probably one of the best programming editors in the
- Well, not hard to use, but complicated to learn because it can do
- All the materials for this module were written in emacs org-mode.
GNU Compiler Collection
- An Industry Standard Compiler (unless you are Microsoft).
- Hugely complete, and superior in every respect.
- Comes with Autotools, the worlds most difficult to learn, but again,
industry standard Build System.
- Industry Standard Debugging Tool (unless you are Microsoft).
- Used in virtually all IDE's that employ GCC compiled languages.
- Industry standard profiling tool (unless you are guess who…)
Bourne Again Shell
- The standard shell for almost all operating systems
- Contains a comprehensive scripting language.
- There are more shells, but you will encounter Bash most often.
Apache Software Foundation
- Apache Web Server
- Originally called A Patchy Web Server.
- Approximately half the net is running Apache.
- They have too many other products to list in this slide - linky
- The Hurd Kernal Project, started in 1990 and still going (sort of).
- Hurd is The FSFs failed attempt at a free kernel.
- Why it failed.
- Linux or GNU Linux, the argument.
Open Source, good or not?
Where Open Source is not so good
- Documentation is often very poor.
- User Interfaces are sometimes overly complex.
- Most Open Source/Free Software projects get abandoned: (98%)
- Mostly lone developer projects. Usually before getting
- given their open nature, code bases are sometimes co-opted by
malware groups (chrome particularly).
Where Open Source is great
- Longevity of Projects, and consistency of developers.
- More secure in theory, because the code is open for inspection.
- Anyone can do it.
- Potential employers trawl Github etc for talented programmers.
- Copyright: Randall Munroe - XKCD
- Mirrored on my hosting to avoid bandwidth stealing
Licence for this work
- Licenced under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0
International by Dr Carey Pridgeon 2016
- (Licence does not cover linked images owned by other content creators)